Interactions between Postharvest Pest Species on Wheat
AuthorsFNU Hendrival , Ricky Ridwan Rangkuti
Issue:Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): SEPTEMBER
Keywords:Interactions, Rhyzoperta dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, Tribolium castaneum, Wheat
How to Cite
Sitophilus oryzae, Rhyzoperta dominica, and Tribolium castaneum are postharvest pests associated with wheat during storage. Interactions between individuals of three species can affect its population and damage to wheat. The research aimed to study interactions between postharvest pest species on populations and damage to wheat. The study used a Completely Randomized Design with treatments of intraspecific and interspecific interactions of postharvest pest species. A total of 30 adults were infested into a plastic jar containing 150 g of wheat by following a combination of 30 adults S. oryzae, 30 adults R. dominica, 30 adults T. castaneum, 15 adults S. oryzae + 15 adults R. dominica, 15 S. oryzae + 15 adults T. castaneum, 15 adults R. dominica + 15 adults T. castaneum, 10 adults S. oryzae + 10 adults R. dominica + 10 adults T. castaneum. Observation parameters included the number of adults and the percentage of weight loss. Data from observations were analyzed by analysis variance. The results showed that interspecific competition between species S. oryzae, R. dominica, and T. castaneum could significantly reduce the population of the three species. Intraspecific competition between pest species S. oryzae, R. dominica, and T. castaneum did not reduce population growth, but could increase damage wheat. Grain damage is more common in intraspecific competition between S. oryzae individuals than between R. dominica or T. castaneum. Knowledge of the association between species S. oryzae, R. dominica, and T. castaneum as reference a monitoring activity to evaluate the measure control against these pests in the storage wheat.
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FNU Hendrival, Universitas Malikussaleh
Agroecotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture
Ricky Ridwan Rangkuti, Universitas Malikussaleh
Agroecotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture
Copyright (c) 2020 FNU Hendrival, Ricky Ridwan Rangkuti
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